Public budgets are affected by energy efficiency in multiple ways. For this indicator we consider changes in public budgets due to additional tax revenue triggered by new jobs generated by energy efficiency policies in the building sector. Thus, this indicator directly builds on data from the indicator “employment effects”.

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  1. Multiple benefits of investing in energy efficient renovation of buildings

    Næss-Schmidt, Helge Sigurd; Bo Hansen, Martin; von Utfall Danielsson, Carl, 2012


  2. Energy Efficiency: Engine of Economic Growth in Canada - A Macroeconomic Modeling & Tax Revenue Impact Assessment

    Malone, Leslie; Howland, Jamie, 2014


  3. National and Local Employment Impacts of Energy Efficiency Investment Programmes

    Wade, Joanne; Wiltshire, Victoria; Scrase, Ivan, 2000


  4. The Macroeconomic Benefits of Energy Efficiency - The case for public action

    Holmes, Ingrid; Mohanty, Rohan, 2012


  5. Review of Costs and Benefits of Energy Savings - Task 1 Report "Energy Savings 2030"

    Sauter, Robert; Volkery, Axel, 2013


  6. The rationale for energy efficiency policy: Assessing the recognition of the multiple benefits of energy efficiency retrofit policy

    Kerr, Niall; Gouldson, Andy; Barrett, John, 2017


  7. Costs and benefits of Energy Efficiency Obligations: A review of European programmes

    Rosenow, Jan; Bayer, Edith, 2017


  8. Energy substitution, efficiency, and the effects of carbon taxation: Evidence from China's building construction industry

    Liu, Hongxun; Lin, Boqiang, 2017


  9. The macro-level and sectoral impacts of Energy Efficiency policies

    Pollitt, Hector; Alexandri, Eva; Anagnostopoulos, Filippos; De Rose, Antonio; Farhangi, Cyrus; Hoste, Thijs; Markannen, Sanna; Theillard, Perrine; Vergez, Coralie; Voogt, Monique, 2017


  10. Measuring multiple impacts of low-carbon energy options in a green economy context

    DianaÜrge-Vorsatz, Agnes Kelemen, Sergio Tirado-Herrero, StefanThomas, Johannes Thema, Nora Mzavanadze, Dorothea Hauptstock, Felix Suerkemper, Jens Teubler, Mukesh Gupta, Souran Chatterjee, 2016


Public budgets (additional income tax in 2010) [Million Euro]