Saving energy saves the corresponding costs of energy as well. In companies, this will have an effect on productivity expressed as added value per unit of energy used. This multiple benefit tool provides the saved costs for coal, oil, natural gas and electricity for the manufacturing industry in EU member states and relates it to industrial value added.

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  1. Energy and environment efficiency of industry and its productivity effect

    Dongsuk Kang; Duk Hee Lee, 2016


  2. Measuring multiple impacts of low-carbon energy options in a green economy context

    Diana√úrge-Vorsatz, Agnes Kelemen, Sergio Tirado-Herrero, StefanThomas, Johannes Thema, Nora Mzavanadze, Dorothea Hauptstock, Felix Suerkemper, Jens Teubler, Mukesh Gupta, Souran Chatterjee, 2016


Industrial productivity [Meuro/PJ]