Saving energy saves the corresponding costs of energy as well. In companies, this will have an effect on productivity expressed as added value per unit of energy used. This multiple benefit tool provides the saved costs for coal, oil, natural gas and electricity for the manufacturing industry in EU member states and relates it to industrial value added.
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Dongsuk Kang; Duk Hee Lee, 2016
DianaÜrge-Vorsatz, Agnes Kelemen, Sergio Tirado-Herrero, StefanThomas, Johannes Thema, Nora Mzavanadze, Dorothea Hauptstock, Felix Suerkemper, Jens Teubler, Mukesh Gupta, Souran Chatterjee, 2016